Mongolia, a nation bordered by China and Russia, is known for vast, rugged expanses and nomadic culture. Its capital, Ulaanbaatar, centers around Chinggis Khaan (Genghis Khan) Square, named for the notorious founder of the 13th- and 14th-century Mongol Empire. The official language of Mongolia is Mongolian and population size is around to 3,081,677.
Hepatitis B and C are the main causes for liver disease in Mongolia. In recently population study in adults showed that the prevalence estimates of HBV and HCV among the general Mongolian adult population were found to be 11.1% and 8.5% respectively. For HCV the majority of cases are concentrated in older age groups with a prevalence of 25.8% among those aged 50 years and above, while the prevalence of HBV does not vary significantly among age groups. This data confirm the position of Mongolia as one of the hotspots of chronic hepatitis infection in the world with about 19.4% of the adult population being infected with either HBV or HCV.